How do I get a PPO?

To get a personal protection order, follow these steps:

  • Compile the facts. To get a personal protection order, compile all supporting evidence, notes, pictures and police reports, if available, that you believe support the necessity of obtaining a PPO. 
    • Your next step is to go to the Family Court window, located on the ThirdFloor of the Muskegon County Building, 990 Terrace Street, Muskegon, Michigan. At that location, you can formally apply for a PPO.
    • In your application for a PPO you must allege specific incidents to support your claim that a PPO is necessary. Therefore, give dates and locations of any incidents where you felt threatened by the person for whom you are seeking a protection order against (This person is called the respondent). You must also explain specifically what actions you want to preclude or have stopped. This can include a no phone contact provision, a no personal contact provision, no writing of letters or even keeping the respondent a specific distance away from you. The Circuit Court Records Office will then send you to a Circuit Court Judge who will review the petition.
  • Your petition will then be reviewed by a Judge. A Circuit Court Judge will look at your petition and may ask you some questions. If the Judge asks you questions, answer them clearly and truthfully. Once the Judge looks at the petition, the Judge will decide whether to issue the PPO. What the Judge decides to do with your petition once you file it is based on the amount of harm or risk of harm the Judge feels you are in at that particular time. The Judge has two basic options::
    • Option One: Immediate PPO authorization by the Judge. If the Judge feels that you are at a risk of immediate and irreparable harm, injury, loss, or damage the Judge will issue an order of protection immediately.
      • You must then provide the Respondent with a copy of the PPO
      • If the Judge, immediately orders the issuance of a PPO, you will be given copies of your protection order. Copies must also be given, or "served" upon the respondent. By law, you are responsible for insuring that the PPO is personally served on the respondent. Please note, however, that you cannot personally serve the PPO on the respondent or even put it in the mail. However, you may have anyone over 18 years of age serve the PPO on the respondent. Additionally, you may hire a process server, who will charge you a fee to serve the PPO.
      • You must then place the PPO On Record with Law Enforcement. Once the PPO is served, a copy must be taken to your local police department so the order can be entered into the Law Enforcement Information System (LEIN) so that all law enforcement agencies will be aware of the PPO. If you have hired a process server, he or she will take care of delivering a copy of the PPO to your local police department.
    • Option Two: Denial of a PPO after initial review by the Judge.
      • The Judge may decide that an immediate PPO authorization is not necessary.
      • Asking for a Hearing.
      • If the Judge decides not to issue an immediate order, you still can ask for a hearing. You will be required to be present at the hearing. The respondent will also be given notice requiring his/her presence at the hearing. At that hearing, you will give your reasons to the Judge why you need a PPO, personal protection order. The respondent will also be given an opportunity to present his/her reasons why he/she believes a PPO should not be issued. If the Judge decides at any time not to issue an order of protection, you have the right to reapply for a protection order at any time, but you will have to show how circumstances have changed, or how they have gotten worse, before you reapply.
      • Respondent receiving a copy of the PPO at the hearing
      • If a PPO is granted by a Judge at a hearing, a copy of the order will be served on the respondent by the court at the time of the hearing.
      • You must then place the PPO On Record with Law Enforcement. Once the hearing is completed and the PPO is served on the respondent, a copy must be taken by you to your local police department so the order can be entered into the Law Enforcement Information System (LEIN).
  • C. Keep the PPO with you at all times. By keeping a copy of the PPO signed by the Judge with you at all times, you will provide the police with a greater opportunity to effectively enforce your PPO.

Show All Answers

1. What is a PPO?
2. Is a PPO necessary?
3. How do I get a PPO?
4. How do I seek enforcement of my PPO if there is a violation?
5. What are my responsiblities?
6. What if I have other questions?